Facts & Figures
This page provides a brief introduction to various aspects of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Flag • Emblem • Location • Terrain • Climate • Population • Religion • Language • National Day • Rulers • Government • Ministries • Provinces • Affiliations • Telecom • Time • Calendar • Holidays • Business • Currency • Travel • Airline • Hotels
Green background, with in white letters the Muslim creed in Arabic: “There is no god but God: Muhammad is the Messenger of God.“
A date palm, representing vitality and growth, and two crossed swords, symbolizing justice and strength rooted in faith.
Southwest Asia, at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa; extending from the Red Sea in the west to the Arabian Gulf in the east; bordered on the north by Jordan, Iraq and Kuwait, on the south, by Yemen and Oman, and on the east by the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Bahrain.
Varied; fairly barren and harsh, with salt flats, gravel plains and sand deserts; a few man-made lakes but no permanent streams; in the south, the Rub Al-Khali (Empty Quarter), the largest sand desert in the world; in the southwest, mountain ranges of over 9,000 feet.
June through August, over 110 degrees Fahrenheit midday in the desert; humidity in coastal regions up to 100 percent; elsewhere, mild; possible winter temperatures in the northern and central regions dropping below freezing; rainfall, from none at all for up to 10 years in the Rub Al-Khali, to 20 inches a year in the mountains of Asir Province.
27 million, including nearly 8.5 million expatriates (2010 census).
Islam, which is the basis of the legal system and of government.
Arabic; English widely spoken in urban areas.
23 September , commemorating the foundation of the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.
King Abdulaziz bin Abdelrahman Al-Saud, the founder (1932-1963), followed by his sons: King Saud (1953-64), King Faisal (1964-75), King Khalid (1975-82), King Fahd (1982-2005), King Abdullah (2005-2015) and the current ruler, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz.
Islamic state based on principles prescribed by the Qur’an (Islam’s Holy Book) and the Shari’ah (Islamic law); Provincial Council System, Consultative Council (Majlis Al-Shura), and Council of Ministers.
|The 21 portfolios of the government ministries:
Communications and Information Technology
Energy, Industry and Mineral Resources
Environment, Water and Agriculture
Hajj and Umrah (Pilgrimage)
Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Call and Guidance
Labour and Social Development
|The 13 provinces and their capitals:
The 12 months of the Islamic lunar year