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L’Arabie Sauoudite et Le Conflit Au Yémen 

Le Yémen connaît un climat d’agitation politique et d’anarchie depuis des dizaines d’années. Ces dernières années, le soutien voilé de l’Iran à une faction yéménite a exacerbé les divisions existantes et déclenché une crise politique et économique menant à l’expulsion violente du président Abd-Rabbuh Mansour Hadi en 2015. Alors que le Yémen s’est retrouvé au bord de la guerre civile, une coalition internationale dirigée par l’Arabie saoudite et soutenue par les États-Unis est intervenue. Ses objectifs ont été de protéger la population civile des attaques des milices houthistes soutenues par les Iraniens, de rétablir le gouvernement légitime et d’empêcher le Yémen de devenir un refuge pour Al- Qaïda et une base pour l’aventurisme iranien et la subversion dans la région.

  • June 22, 2017

The United Nations envoy for Yemen, Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, reporting to the Security Council, urgently stressed the need for a peace agreement to end the conflict in Yemen. He indicated that Houthis refused to even discuss a proposed agreement on the port city of Hodeidah, controlled by the Iranian-backed militia. An agreement would have helped in preventing a further deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Hodeidah

He said that his proposal — covering security, economic and humanitarian elements — would allow commercial and humanitarian supplies into Al Hodeidah while halting the diversion of customs revenues and taxes that could be spent on salaries and services.

Regrettably, he said, the delegation of the Houthis and the General People’s Congress (Former President Ali Abdullah Saleh’s party) —in Sana’a, had refused to discuss such an agreement.

25 trucks carrying 550 tons of medicines have been sent to Yemen by the King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Action in a massive campaign aiming to tackle the cholera epidemic in Yemen.

According to the World Health Organization, the number of cholera deaths rose to 315 in three weeks, while another 30,000 are expected to carry the infection.

The King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Action that cooperates with the WHO, UNICEF and the International Medical Corps, is also working with the GCC Aid Coordination Office and the other Arab coalition countries to implement urgent plan to contain the epidemic and to protect the Yemeni people from this risk.

  • May 24, 2017

White paper


Full Paper: Saudi Arabia and the Yemen Conflict – April 2017
The paper is also summarised in a three-page Executive Summary


Yemen has been in a state of political and economic turmoil since the illegal ousting of President Abd-Rabbuh Mansour Hadi in 2015. Two years later, the country finds itself in the midst of a deep humanitarian crisis. There is no doubt that the people of Yemen deserve to live in a nation at peace with itself where they can build a future for themselves and future generations. A peaceful and stable Yemen is also essential for Yemen’s neighbours and the entire global community, to secure the region from terrorism and keep the region safe for international trade and transport.


Saudi Arabia and its GCC allies—with the close cooperation of the United States and European nations—have led an effort to restore the legitimate government of Yemen and negotiate a peaceful solution to the crisis at hand. In a new white paper, Saudi Arabia details the history and hard facts about the crisis in Yemen and offers its comprehensive response to the deplorable state of affairs in the country.

As a high-level international pledging conference for Yemen kicks off in Geneva today, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has pledged a further $150 million (€138 million) towards the $2.1 billion (€1.9 billion) target for the war-torn country. The World Food Organization and the UNICEF are today renewing the call for pledges as, so far this year, Yemen has received only 15 percent of the funds required.

Saudi Arabia is committed to finding a political solution to the ongoing crisis in Yemen and securing the best outcome for the country’s population. The Kingdom’s humanitarian relief projects are driven by the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre, or KSRelief for short. Since its inception in 2015, KSRelief has spared no effort to assist those in need across all Yemeni governorates, and has provided aid worth around €548 million to some 26 million Yemeni civilians. The organisation has been able to reach all regions of the country, irrespective of who is in control, and works equally in the north and the south. KSRelief’s work demonstrates impartiality and complies with international humanitarian law.


The Coalition Supporting Legitimacy in Yemen called on the United Nations to ensure the free flow of humanitarian shipments through the Port of Hodeidah. Badly needed food and medical supplies are not reaching people who need them, which is exacerbating the humanitarian crisis in Yemen.  The coalition also asserted that Houthi rebels are seizing and selling humanitarian supplies that pass through the port.

The following is the full statement:

“The Coalition is deeply concerned about the humanitarian situation in Yemen. We are doing everything in our power to ensure that the Yemeni population receives the food and medicines it needs.

“Hodeidah port is an important entry point for humanitarian supplies. But it is currently in the hands of the Houthi rebels, who use it to smuggle arms and people. Houthi rebels also finance their ongoing violent campaign to overthrow the legitimate government by seizing humanitarian supplies and selling them for exorbitant sums.

“We have called on the United Nations to exercise oversight of Hodeidah port to ensure the free flow of humanitarian shipments. Other ports including Aden, Mukalla and other airports are open as routes for humanitarian supplies.”

With no end to the humanitarian threat posed by the Houthi rebel militia, the Yemeni Ministry of Human Rights has published a Preliminary Report on the Human Rights Situation in Yemen. The comprehensive report, composed by the Ministry’s Leadership Council, details the extent of human suffering in Yemen in two years between January 2015 and January 2017, covering the Houthis’ countless breaches of international humanitarian law, be it the targeting of civilians, the recruitment, maiming and killing of children, the denial of education and healthcare or the oppression of basic freedoms.

Yemen’s legitimate President Marshal Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, in his foreword to the report, condemns the Houthi and Saleh-supporting militia that have “taken Yemen into a meaningless war, and destroyed its social fabric, economic and financial resources and infrastructure.” President Hadi recounts the turmoil of the militia’s systematic killing of civilians, children and the elderly; kidnappings; disappearances; sieges and suppression of civic freedoms, equating these deplorable terrorising acts with those of Al Qaeda or Da’esh.

Welcoming the intervention of the Arab Coalition in Yemen, the report reiterates President Hadi’s complete support for the military procedures that the Coalition has taken to defend the legitimacy, unity and territorial integrity of the Yemeni state. However, where there have been mistakes in targetting, the report recommends that the facts are investigated and those responsible are held to account.

Mohammed Askar, Yemen’s Vice Minister of Human Rights alo renews his government’s appeal to all international organisations and human rights mechanisms to look carefully at the Yemeni crisis in order to achieve sustainable peace in all parts of Yemen by ending the coup d’état in adherence with  international resolutions, notably UN Resolution 2216.

The appeals reflect those made by H.E. Mohamed Taha Mustafa, the Yemeni ambassador to Belgium and the European Union, who was welcomed to the European Parliament’s Delegations for relations with the Arab Peninsula earlier this month. In his speech, he underlined the disruptive role of the Houthis rebels supported by Iran and their continuous boycott of all attempts to secure the peaceful transition promoted by the legitimate elected government and the Saudi-led coalition. The Ambassador appealed to the European Parliament and EU governments to put pressure on Iran to cease interfering with internal Yemeni affairs and stop supporting the Houthi rebels.

The latest Special Edition of Saudi Arabia in Focus on Yemen covers recent Saudi Arabia’s humanitarian action in country, the Kingdom’s approach to addressing the crisis and the progress being made in combating the threat of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.


Abdulrahman S. Alahmed

Ambassador and Head of the Saudi Mission to the EU

Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir has welcomed Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi, Yemen’s president and Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, UN special envoy for Yemen, in Riyadh to discuss key elements of an agreement for a peace roadmap to ensure an orderly political transition to peace in the war-torn country. Mr Ahmed shared with the foreign minister the efforts underway to advance the political process in accordance with the GCC-sponsored initiative and the UN Security Council Resolution 2216.

Speaking in an interview with Arab news, Mohamed A. Qubaty, Yemen’s Minister for Tourism, confirmed that “All issues under the peace roadmap should be dealt with in accordance with these references — GCC peace initiative with its executive mechanism, the National Dialogue outputs and the UN Security Council’s resolutions, including Resolution 2216 and Chapter VII of the UN Charter.” He added that “With the fulfillment of the requirements of these three strategic references, we are ready to accept the roadmap.

In 2015, the UN Security Council demanded that all parties in the embattled country, particularly the Houthis, unconditionally end the violence and refrain from further unilateral actions that threaten the political transition. The Security Council also demanded that the Houthis withdraw from all areas seized during the conflict, relinquish arms seized from military and security institutions and cease all actions falling within the authority of the legitimate government.

Furthermore, under Chapter VII of the charter, the UN body called upon the Houthis to refrain from any provocations or threats to neighbouring states, release all political prisoners and individuals under house arrest or arbitrarily detained, and end the recruitment of children as soldiers.

  • March 13, 2017